Prosthodontics is a branch of dentistry that helps replacing the loss of some or all teeth. Prosthodontics can be divided into fixed and mobile prostheses.
Fixed prosthodontics includes dental crowns, bridges, inlays, onlays, overlays and dental veneers. These type of dental work and devices are fixed into the mouth by cementation and therefore can’t be removed by the patient unless assisted by a dental specialist. Dental crowns and bridges come in different materials such as a combination of metal and ceramics or simply in full ceramics. Metal-ceramic devices consist in a supporting structure in metal and do not allow for light to get through, therefore these devices often do not meet the requirements of high quality dental work from an aesthetic pint of view. Devices in full ceramics are made by using Empress or Zircon ceramics, materials known for high resistance and high aesthetic qualities. The development of these types of ceramics allow to obtain very natural results in terms of color, translucency and form. Devices made in ceramics are always the number one choice when looking for a highly natural and beautiful result.
Before making a fixed prosthesis, the process requires a good diagnosis and planning ahead the work to be done. Each patient's tooth which will help sustain the prosthesis needs to be prepared by being filed down to allow for the prosthesis to fit. The dental situation in the mouth will be transferred to the prosthodontics lab using dental prints and jaw and facial bow measurements.
Mobile prosthodontics includes full and partial prostheses. Full prostheses aim to replace all teeth when missing and when there is no possibility of inserting dental implants. In case the patient has only partial teeth loss, a partial denture can be made. The denture will be held in place by customised or prefabricated clips that will be attached to the remaining teeth. Full or partial mobile dentures are not cemented in the mouth; this means that the patient can remove the denture any time. Nowadays mobile dentures are mostly employed as a temporary solution for patients who are undergoing dental implant treatment.
There is also the possibility to build a combined prosthesis, meaning the prosthesis will have a fixed and a removable part. The fixed part will act as a point of connection and fixation for the removable part. The removable part is connected to the fixed part by clips. A combined prosthesis is usually made for patients who have posterior teeth missing but cannot undergo a dental implant treatment because of bone loss. The fixed part of a combined prosthesis can be fixed to the patient's anterior teeth or dental implants if there are any.