Restorative dentistry is one of the fundamental branches of dental medicine and aims at replacing parts of tooth either broken or damaged by a cavity.
The purpose of restorative dentistry is to diagnose dental cavities, remove demineralised and infected tissue and replace it with the right materials to restore the tooth’s structure and appearance.
Dental cavity is the most common infection in the world. Dental cavity is defined as a local pathologic process of microbial origin that causes the demineralisation of hard tissues. Demineralisation is caused by bacteria when these accumulate on the teeth surfaces and produce acids which damage tooth enamel. Dental cavities can concern tooth enamel or dentin. In case it only affects tooth enamel, there will be a a white spot on the surface of the tooth and the treatment will be based on administering fluoridated products to fight off the infection. In case the cavity reaches the dentin, a dental filling will be necessary. A dental filling may be classified in one surface, two surface or three surface fillings.
In addition to the traditional treatment of cavities, we also employ dental lasers which remove the infected tissues painlessly, precisely and with a minimally invasive technique.
In the past, materials used to fill a cavity-treated tooth were of a dark colour (grey amalgam) and therefore not very aesthetic.
Nowadays we use aesthetic composite materials which guarantee better results in terms of natural appearance (the filling is less visible since it’s white), resistance and cohesion between the tooth and the fill.